Following up from my previous post about the earth becoming a plastic planet, I’ve been thinking more about plastic in my life. Over the last couple of years, I have been striving to be healthier and eliminate certain toxins from my life, such as chemical cleaning products and air fresheners, beauty and personal care products and making more food homemade. Maybe the next logical step is striving for less plastic both in my home and on myself!
After learning about the plastic industry taking over our clothing and how it degrades in the washing machine only to wind up polluting our oceans, I decided to learn more about what I put on my body every single day.
And it is not only the plastic fibers polluting the ocean, but also the concern of what happens to all these articles of clothing when we are done with them? Because they are basically plastic, they will not biodegrade and will persist in the environment long after we’re gone. Perhaps one solution is to wear more natural fiber clothing…
So first, I ask the question: where does our clothing come from? Fabrics are made from one of two things: natural or synthetic fibers.
Nylon was the first fully synthetic fiber to be manufactured from polymers. The first pair of women’s nylon stockings were made in 1937 and were quite a hit! Since that time, nylon is used in all kinds of things, from clothing to tents to musical instrument strings (The Smithsonian, The Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining).
Acrylic is made from a synthetic polymer (so, essentially plastic) and has desirable moisture-wicking qualities. It is also warm while being lightweight and is a common fabric for knit/”woolly” sweaters (TextileExchange).
Polyester is a synthetic fiber made from polymers requiring a high-energy process to manufacture. It it used in many types of clothing, bedding and upholstery (Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining, TextileExchange). Popular polar fleece is 100% polyester and was found to be a source of micro-plastic fibers in the ocean from washing this fabric in our washing machines (Browne et al., 2011).
Viscose / rayon is made from chemically altered wood pulp or cotton fiber and is therefore technically semi-synthetic. It is more moisture-absorbent than cotton or linen and is used in a wide variety of garments (TextileExchange, Swicofil).
Spandex / elastane / Lycra is another polymer fiber famous for its ability to stretch and there is nothing natural about that (TextileExchange).
Then, we have the fully natural fibers…
Cotton comes from the cotton plant. No surprises there. It breathes, its soft, its easy to clean and we’ve been using it for hundreds of years. Cotton is used in t-shirts, chinos, corduroy and denim (Swicofil).
Wool primarily comes from sheep, but can also come from the angora rabbit, goats (cashmere and mohair), alpaca and llamas. Its breathable, stays warm when wet and keeps you cool when its warm and is resilient (CampaignforWool).
While its great that lots of companies are making clothes out of recycled plastic (Dgrade, Patagonia, Rawfortheocean), I wonder: what will happen to those plastic clothes when people are done with them? We live in a throwaway society, where so many people spend their free time on the weekends at shopping malls buying more and more stuff.
How much of my wardrobe is plastic? How much of yours is? In my next post, I will report back on my findings after investigating my own entire wardrobe.